Peruvian President Martín Vizcarra launched a campaign to reforest the archaeological site of Machu Picchu with the purpose of protecting it from mudslides and forest fires.
One million native trees in the protected archaeological complex of 35,000 hectares with the impressive Inca citadel.
Specialists from the Ministry of Environment of Peru evoked the need for planting trees to protect not only the sanctuary but also the fauna and flora of the protected ecological area.
Trees are the best line of defense against possible displacements of land and forest fire. They absorb water from the rain and prevent currents from forming land and forming floods.
They also control the temperature of the ecosystems in which they are immersed, so they greatly reduce the likelihood of forest fires.
The Machu Picchu property, which includes three distinct areas for agriculture, accommodation and religious ceremonies, is the most emblematic site of the Inca empire that ruled a large strip of western South America for 100 years before the Spanish conquest in the 16th century
Machu Picchu, which means «old mountain»In the Quechua language, is located on the top of a lush mountain and was built during the reign of the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438-1471).
It is located about 100 kilometers (60 miles) from the Andean city of Cusco, the ancient Inca capital in the southeast of Peru.
It was rediscovered in 1911 by the American explorer Hiram Bingham. At that time it was called “the lost city” because the jungle had swallowed it, which protected it from being destroyed during the Spanish conquest.
It is considered a masterpiece of architecture and engineering and in 1983 UNESCO declared Machu Picchu a World Heritage Site.